Good evening everyone.
Tonight, we will be back to a verse by verse study with the Book of Mark.
The last time we studied this book together was at a Sunday School in March, I believe.
I see the need to do a quick review for your benefit.
When you read the Book of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, you will see different key theme of each book representing the Lord Jesus Christ.
The Book of Matthew represents the Lord Jesus Christ as the King of the Jews.
The Book of Mark, which we are studying, represents Him as a humble servant.
The Book of Luke represents Him as a perfect man.
The Book of John represents Him clearly on His deity as God manifest in the flesh.
If you would like to know the Lord much better, from time to time, you need to read these four gospels.
You will get to know His character and personality.
You will get to know what He likes and what He does not like.
Throughout the Book of Mark, two prominent words frequently appear.
That is the words “straightway” and “immediately.”
The Book of Mark shows us the key theme of the Lord Jesus Christ as a humble servant.
The Lord not only teaches us, but He shows us by His example.
If we are to summarize the Book of Mark with one verse, we can go to [Mark 10:45].
I will read it aloud for you this evening.
Mark 10:45 For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
We will continue with chapter 2 and verse 23 tonight.
Mark 2:23 And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn.
The Lord Jesus Christ, together with the disciples, were at the cornfields.
The Bible tells us they were at the cornfield on the sabbath day.
We also see another biblical term.
The sabbath day.
What is the sabbath day?
We will look at the Bible to get more explanation of the sabbath day.
Let us go to [Exodus 20:8-10].
This was the time when God gave the law to Moses.
Exodus 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Exodus 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:
Exodus 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
Verse 9 shows us a definition of a biblical workday.
How many days per week?
What does God tell us concerning the sabbath day?
… thou shalt not do any work.
People are not to work on the sabbath day.
This law was given to the nation of Israel.
So, the sabbath is the seventh day that people are not to work.
It is the day of rest.
Is it a blessing that God also gives a day for people to rest?
I would like you to remember this requirement on the sabbath day carefully, and we will go back to [Mark 2:24].
Mark 2:24 And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
We see the Pharisees came into the scene.
Whenever they showed up, they always tried to find faults with the Lord Jesus Christ.
They accused the Lord Jesus Christ and his disciples of violating the law concerning the sabbath day.
What did the disciples do?
Verse 23 tells us that they
… pluck the ears of corn.
They ate the ears of corn.
Remember what God tells us about the requirement for the sabbath day.
People are not to work.
These Pharisees have gone far to equate eating of corn as working!
Their intent was nothing but to accuse the Lord Jesus Christ.
Next, we will see how the Lord replied to their charge.
Mark 2:25 And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?
Mark 2:26 How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him?
The Lord asked them back with a question.
He asked the Pharisees whether they have ever read the scriptures concerning the case of David.
This incident was recorded in [1 Samuel 21:1-6].
David and his men were fleeing from King Saul.
King Saul was trying to have David killed.
David and his men probably were tired, hungry, and would need to have some supplies.
David came to the priest and asked whether there was anything he could have as a supply.
In the Old Testament, there is a building structure called the Tabernacle.
Simply, it is like a sanctuary or a place to worship God.
The Tabernacle has three zones, including the outer courtyard, the Holy Place, and the Holy of Holies.
Inside the zone of the Holy Place, there are three essential furniture including the altar of incense, the golden lampstand, and the table of shewbread.
The shewbread is reserved only for the priests to eat.
David and his men were given those shewbreads by the priest to eat.
God still has compassion towards David during his tough time of being persecuted by King Saul.
When the Lord Jesus Christ asked these Pharisees about this story of David, they remained silent and did not respond to Him.
Let us read verse 27.
Mark 2:27 And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:
What do you see from this verse?
… The sabbath was made for man.
First, you can see that there is someone who has created the sabbath day.
Second, you can see that the sabbath day intends to serve man.
It is to give a man relief and a rest.
The sabbath day never intends to be an extra burden for man.
Let us go to the last verse of chapter two.
Mark 2:28 Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
Do you remember who has given the law concerning the sabbath day we read at the beginning of our class?
It is God.
The Lord Jesus Christ simply says He is that person who has instituted the sabbath day.
He told these Pharisees that He was God!
He, therefore, has the authority on the sabbath day.