Sermon: The Providence of God
설교: 하나님의 섭리
But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus.Philippians 4:19 (빌립보서 4:19)
오직 내 [하나님]께서 그리스도 예수님을 통해 영광 가운데서 자신의 부요하심에 따라 너희의 모든 필요를 공급하시리라.
Today I’d like to talk about “The Providence of God.” 오늘은 ‘하나님의 준비하심, 공급하심, 하나님의 섭리’에 대해 이야기하고자 합니다.
What is Providence? 하나님이 준비하신다는 것이 무슨 뜻인가요?
The Baptist Confession of Faith 1689 says it well. 1689년 침례교 신앙고백에 잘 나와 있습니다.
Chapter 5: Of Divine Providence
1. God the good Creator of all things, in his infinite power and wisdom doth uphold, direct, dispose, and govern all creatures and things, from the greatest even to the least, by his most wise and holy providence, to the end for the which they were created, according unto his infallible foreknowledge, and the free and immutable counsel of his own will; to the praise of the glory of his wisdom, power, justice, infinite goodness, and mercy. ( Hebrews 1:3; Job 38:11; Isaiah 46:10, 11; Psalms 135:6; Matthew 10:29-31; Ephesians 1:11 )
하나님은 모든 것을 창조하신 좋은 창조주입니다. 하나님은 무한한 능력과 지혜로, 자신의 피조물과 사물을 지탱하고, 인도하고, 정리하고, 통제합니다 – 가장 큰 것부터 가장 낮은 것까지. 하나님은 피조물의 창조된 목적에 따라, 필요한 것을 현명하게, 거룩하게 공급합니다 – 자신의 자유롭고 불변의 뜻에 따라, 틀릴 수 없는 예지로. 그에 따라, 피조물은 하나님의 지혜, 능력, 공정, 무한하게 좋으심, 자비를 찬양합니다.
2. Although in relation to the foreknowledge and decree of God, the first cause, all things come to pass immutably and infallibly; so that there is not anything befalls any by chance, or without his providence; yet by the same providence he ordereth them to fall out according to the nature of second causes [men], either necessarily, freely, or contingently. ( Acts 2:23; Proverbs 16:33; Genesis 8:22)
하나님은, the first cause (최종결정자)로서, 모든 것을 미리 아시고 결정하기에, 모든 것은 한치의 오차나 틀림이 없이 일어나며, 우연이라는 것은 없고, 그분의 섭리없이 일어나는 일은 없습니다. 똑같은 섭리로, 하나님은 모든 것들을 second cause (실행자, 인간)의 속성에 따라 일어나게 합니다. 필요에 의해(자연의 이치대로), 자발적으로 (강요가 아니라), 상호작용을 통해서.
3. God, in his ordinary providence maketh use of means, yet is free to work without, above, and against them at his pleasure. ( Acts 27:31, 44; Isaiah 55:10, 11; Hosea 1:7; Romans 4:19-21; Daniel 3:27 )
하나님은, 자신의 섭리의 따라, 통상적인 수단을 사용합니다. 그러나, 자신의 마음대로 (누구의 통제도 받지 않고), 예외적이고, 생각할 수 없고, 통상적인 아닌, 비상한 수단도 사용합니다.
4. The almighty power, unsearchable wisdom, and infinite goodness of God, so far manifest themselves in his providence, that his determinate counsel extendeth itself even to the first fall, and all other sinful actions both of angels and men; and that not by a bare permission, which also he most wisely and powerfully boundeth, and otherwise ordereth and governeth, in a manifold dispensation to his most holy ends; yet so, as the sinfulness of their acts proceedeth only from the creatures, and not from God, who, being most holy and righteous, neither is nor can be the author or approver of sin. ( Romans 11:32-34; 2 Samuel 24:1, 1 Chronicles 21:1; 2 Kings 19:28; Psalms 76;10; Genesis 1:20; Isaiah 10:6, 7, 12; Psalms 1:21; 1 John 2:16 )
5. The most wise, righteous, and gracious God doth oftentimes leave for a season his own children to manifold temptations and the corruptions of their own hearts, to chastise them for their former sins, or to discover unto them the hidden strength of corruption and deceitfulness of their hearts, that they may be humbled; and to raise them to a more close and constant dependence for their support upon himself; and to make them more watchful against all future occasions of sin, and for other just and holy ends. So that whatsoever befalls any of his elect is by his appointment, for his glory, and their good. ( 2 Chronicles 32:25, 26, 31; 2 Corinthians 12:7-9; Romans 8:28 )
6. As for those wicked and ungodly men whom God, as the righteous judge, for former sin doth blind and harden; from them he not only withholdeth his grace, whereby they might have been enlightened in their understanding, and wrought upon their hearts; but sometimes also withdraweth the gifts which they had, and exposeth them to such objects as their corruption makes occasion of sin; and withal, gives them over to their own lusts, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan, whereby it comes to pass that they harden themselves, under those means which God useth for the softening of others. ( Romans 1:24-26, 28; Romans 11:7, 8; Deuteronomy 29:4; Matthew 13:12; Deuteronomy 2:30; 2 Kings 8:12, 13; Psalms 81:11, 12; 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12; Exodus 8:15, 32; Isaiah 6:9, 10; 1 Peter 2:7, 8 )
7. As the providence of God doth in general reach to all creatures, so after a more special manner it taketh care of his church, and disposeth of all things to the good thereof. ( 1 Timothy 4:10; Amos 9:8, 9; Isaiah 43:3-5 )